The testes and prostate are essential parts of the male reproductive system. Both organs can develop cancer, with differences in symptoms, growth, and treatment.
Testicular cancer is a relatively uncommon cancer that would typically occur in males who are between the ages of 15 and 34. When diagnosed early, it is very treatable. An enlargement or lump felt in a testicle is usually the first finding of this cancer. Though this cancer can be cured even if it has already spread into other parts of your body, detecting it early will make your treatments less severe.
A more common cancer for men is prostate cancer, and it is typically slow growing. The prostate gland is also an essential part of the male reproductive system and is surrounded by nerves, organs and other glands involved in sexual, urinary and bowel functions. Even though you are able to live with no prostate, where it is located makes it fairly hard to treat.
There are no symptoms in early prostate cancer, which is why it is important that you are screened regularly. There are two tests that are usually performed to detect this cancer. The first is known as the prostate specific antigen (PSA) blood test, and the other is known as the digital rectal exam (DRE). You should start screening when you turn 40 years old.
Treatments for Testicular and Prostate Cancer
Depending on what type of testicular cancer you have and the stage it’s in, you might receive one or more various treatments. If your growth is thought to be cancerous, typically you will have your entire testicle removed. A pathologist will then perform microscopic examination and classification of the tumor. The radiology, pathology and blood test results will determine which treatments are needed. Some possible treatments include chemotherapy, radiation and removal of the lymph nodes that are located in the back of your abdomen.
Once prostate cancer is detected, you also have a few treatment options that are effective. In most cases, the best treatment is either destruction or removal of the prostate gland. But, careful observation might be the best choice in elderly men who are in a very early stage of the disease. Chemotherapeutic or hormonal medications are best for people that receive a late diagnosis.
Prostate and Testicular Cancer Risk Factors
All men have the risk of developing either prostate or testicular cancer. There are various factors, aside from being male, that contribute to your risk. Some factors include your race, age and family history. Because of this, it is recommended that you get screened for both cancers on a regular basis.
If you have any questions about prostate cancer, contact us here or call us at (404) 705-5201.